The Gospel of Luke Weekly Questions
Lookout Mountain Community Church will be going through the Gospel of Luke from December 31st until Easter. I have felt compelled to do this for a few reasons. First and for most, every Christ follower is called to be formed by Scripture. Each week we will do exactly this by reading two new chapters leading into every Sunday. We will all be formed by Scripture together. I also believe that we must reclaim the awe and wonder that the early church had in finding out about Jesus Christ for the first time when the Gospels and the Epistles in the New Testament started spreading to the ends of the known world. One particular Gospel or Letter would be read all in one sitting which would act as the “Sermon” for the day. I invite you to use these questions from week to week to help guide you in your readings.
Now, leave everything you thought you knew behind as we come together to read through Luke and to come with a sense of awe and wonder as if you are reading it for the first time. I pray that this journey will bring all of us to a renewed understanding of Jesus Christ, our Lord and Savior – Amen!
Questions For Easy Downloading and Printing:
The Gospel of Luke
Lookout Study Guide
By the time Jesus comes on the scene the Pharisees thought they were following God the way that He wanted them to, but Jesus seems to suggest the exact opposite. Jesus then goes to the sinners, the failures, and the least of these to find people that would be the new disciples that would turn the world on its head. This central concept will then change how we have come to view these two chapters and everything that lies therein.
“Cast down your nets”
The beginning of chapter 5 can be summed up in this way:
(1) The disciples had fished all night with no results, (2) Jesus challenged them to let down the nets, (3) the disciples enclosed an enormous catch, (4) the effect on the nets is mentioned, (5) Peter reacts, (6) Jesus is called Lord, (7) other fishermen take part in the catch but say nothing, (8) the theme of following Jesus, (9) the catch of fish “symbolizes a successful Christian missionary endeavor.”
Based on this information, how might you answer each of these?
The Fishermen were most likely failed Pharisees unable to break into the coveted religious field. Jesus, though, first goes to them before anyone else. What does this say about who Jesus is? What does this say about how qualified people must be to follow God?
How does Jesus’ interactions with the fishermen qualify as a miracle?
If the catching of the fish symbolizes what is going to become of the Disciples’ ministry with Jesus, what does the disciples lack of catching fish compare to the way the Pharisees had failed to be God’s people?
“The Leper and the Paralytic”
Why is it significant that Jesus interacts with a person with Leprosy?
Why is it significant that Jesus first forgives the paralytic man’s sin? How is it further significant that Jesus also heals the paralytic?
The “First Banquet”
The Pharisees long thought they were the ones that communed in God’s great banquet. How does Jesus turn their understanding of who God desires to commune with upside down from 5:27-6:5? How also does Jesus redefine the Sabbath from 6:1-11?
The Sermon on the Plain
As you read from 6:17-49 you have to be aware of the who Jesus’ audience is in order to then understand the context of how Jesus challenges them. Up to this point the crowds have been made up of two parts: The least of these in the sinners and the outcasts, and the Pharisees who think they “have it all together.”
The Pharisees thought that “theirs was the Kingdom of God.” How does what Jesus say in this section turn that notion completely upside down?
What then does this say about how you perceive your situation vs. how you actually live? That is, The Pharisees gloated over their riches, but now Jesus nails them to their hearts. How do the beatitudes change our perspectives about money, food, and happiness?
How does 6:27-36 completely change our earthly way of living? For example, it is far safer to lend money to someone you know can and will pay you back then to lend money to someone you never expect to receive back from. Which way would you prefer to live? Why?
Judgment: Do we focus on our own speck before we say anything about the log? How does this lead to bearing good fruit? Why does all of this lead to Jesus’ statement, “Abide in me and I will abide in you?” Then how does all this lead to Jesus’ statement about the “two foundations?”
The Gospel of Luke
Lookout Study Guide
1. John the Baptist most likely came from the Essene tradition that can be connected to the Dead Sea Scrolls in the Qumran community. Archeologists’ findings in the Qumran community revealed bathing areas like this:
Scholars have suggested that daily baptisms or washings occurred in these areas to cleanse people of their sin. Thus, what John is not unique. He says in Luke 3:16 “I baptize you with water; but one who is more powerful than I is coming; I am not worthy to untie the thong of his sandals. He will baptize with the Holy Spirit and fired.” In other words, before Jesus people had to be baptized daily, but in Jesus we only need to be baptized once and for all. How does this change or further inform your own understanding of your baptism?
1. In Matthew 3:7 John addresses just the Pharisees and the Sadducees instead of the whole crowd when he proclaims “You brood of vipers!” The Gospel of Luke, though, has John challenging anyone who might say to themselves “We have Abraham as our ancestor” and believes that this alone will save them from the day of God’s wrath. With this in mind, Luke simply suggests that judgment is coming for anyone who somehow believes they will be saved by their name or their works. How might John’s proclamation challenge each one of us to realize that our works or our name cannot save us?
2. Each person in Jesus’ heritage is important and somehow gives an indicator of who Jesus is going to be and so much more. How might the mention of the following names both connect Jesus to the history of Israel and also foreshadow who Jesus will be?
Son of Amos, the prophet?
Son of Levi leading to the Levites?
Son of Joseph who was God’s servant ever delivering his people during famine?
Son of King David?
Son of Boaz as seen in the Book of Ruth?
Son of Isaac and son of Abraham?
Son of Noah where we see the world experience a baptism of sorts?
Son of Seth, son of Adam the first of all humans?
Son of God?
3. How does Jesus’ 40-day temptation in the wilderness connect with Israel’s 40 years wondering in the wilderness? How was Jesus able to do in 40 days what Israel was not able to do in 40 years?
4. The devil then offers some very interesting temptations:
What is the connection between God producing manna and bread in the wilderness for Israel’s hunger and Jesus now being hungry and needing bread?
To whom do all the kingdoms of the world actually belong to? How does this further show the Devils deceit? And how does this tempt Jesus to worship creation instead of the Creator?
How does the third temptation challenge God’s promises? How does it further foreshadow Jesus’ crucifixion?
5. The Rejection of Jesus of Nazareth
What is so dramatic about Jesus’ reading of Isaiah?
Why would Jesus comparison of those in the synagogue with widows and lepers infuriate the crowd?
The Gospel of Luke
Lookout Study Guide
Introduction – Luke 1-2
Why is it important for Luke to investigate everything carefully from the very first? How does Luke’s research add to the reliability of the Gospel? How does it support his trustworthiness even though Luke was not a direct disciple of Jesus?
There is not a lot of information about who Luke is. He is mentioned in Philemon 1:24, Colossians 4:14, and 2nd Timothy 4:11. Scholars also believe that the “we” references as seen in Acts was when Luke joined in ministry with Paul. How does Luke’s association to Paul accredit his witness in both the Gospel of Luke and the Acts of the Apostles?
Luke is able to show how many people are asking several questions. How might you respond to each of these questions?
The scribes and Pharisees question, “Who is this who is speaking blasphemies?” (5:21).
John sends two of his disciples to ask, “Are you the one who is to come, or are we to wait for another?” (7:20).
Those at the table in Simon the Pharisee’s house ask, “Who is this who even forgives sins?” (7:49).
Then, Jesus’ own disciples ask one another, “Who then is this?” (8:25).
In the next chapter Herod asks the same question, “John I beheaded; but who is this about whom I hear such things?” (9:9).
Jesus asks his disciples the question of his identity: “Who do the crowds say that I am?” (9:18).
How are the birth of John the Baptist and the birth of Jesus interconnected to first one another and then second how are they interconnected with the Old Testament?
Mary’s song does not stand apart. Many scholars have seen how it directly connects to the song that Hannah sang when she found she was pregnant with Samuel. What connections do you see between the two songs? In knowing that Samuel was an amazing prophet sent from God, what does this say about who Jesus will be?
How does Luke foreshadow who Jesus will be through both Zachariah’s prophecy (1:67-80) and Simeon’s praise/blessing (2:29-38)?
Luke 2 ends with the somewhat confusing depiction of Jesus in the Temple. First, what does this say about even Mary and Joseph’s misunderstanding of who Jesus will be? Second, what does this say about how much Jesus was already growing in his knowledge of God?